Archaeological Periods

Stone Age

(2,000,000 BP – 3300 BCE)

Paleolithic

(2,000,000 BP – 8300 BCE)

Lower Paleolithic 2,000,000 BP300,000 BP
Middle Paleolithic 300,000 BP30,000 BP
Upper Paleolithic 30,000 BP12,000 BP
Epipaleolithic 12,000 BP – 8300 BCE
Neolithic

(8300 BCE – 4500 BCE)

Pre-pottery Neolithic 8300 BCE – 5500 BCE
Pottery Neolithic 5500 BCE – 4500 BCE
Chalcolithic

(4500 BCE – 3300 BCE)

Early Chalcolithic 4500 BCE – 4000 BCE
Late Chalcolithic (Ghassulian) 4000 BCE – 3300 BCE
Bronze Age

(3300 BCE – 1200 BCE)

Early Bronze Age

(3300 BCE – 2000 BCE)

Early Bronze Age I 3300 BCE – 3000 BCE
Early Bronze Age II 3000 BCE – 2700 BCE
Early Bronze Age III 2700 BCE – 2200 BCE
Early Bronze Age IV 2200 BCE – 2000 BCE
Middle Bronze Age

(2000 BCE – 1550 BCE)

Middle Bronze Age I 2000 BCE – 1750 BCE
Middle Bronze Age II 1750 BCE – 1650 BCE
Middle Bronze Age III 1650 BCE – 1550 BCE
Late Bronze Age

(1550 BCE – 1200 BCE)

Late Bronze Age I 1550 BCE – 1400 BCE
Late Bronze Age II A 1400 BCE – 1300 BCE
Late Bronze Age II B 1300 BCE – 1200 BCE
Iron Age

(1200 BCE – 586 BCE)

Iron Age I

(1200 BCE – 1000 BCE)

Iron Age I A 1200 BCE – 1150 BCE
Iron Age I B 1150 BCE – 1000 BCE
Iron Age II

(1000 BCE – 586 BCE)

Iron Age II A 1000 BCE – 900 BCE
Iron Age II B 900 BCE – 700 BCE
Iron Age II C 700 BCE – 586 BCE
Historical periods

(586 BCE – present)

Babylonian and Persian periods 586 BCE – 332 BCE
Hellenistic period

(332 BCE – 37 BCE)

Early Hellenistic 332 BCE – 167 BCE
Late Hellenistic 167 BCE – 37 BCE
Roman period

(37 BCE – 324 CE)

Early Roman 37 BCE – 132 CE
Late Roman 132 CE – 324
Byzantine period 324 – 638
Early Arab period (Umayyad and Abbasid) 638 – 1099
Crusader and Ayyubid periods 1099 – 1291
Late Arab period (Fatimid and Mamluk) 1291 – 1516
Ottoman period 1516 – 1917
Modern period 1917 – current